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Pure and Applied Mathematics FAQ

by Martin D. Maas, Ph.D
@MartinDMaas

Last updated: 2021-12-07

Let's address some FAQ about pure and applied mathematics.

Applied Mathematics FAQ

I have been an applied mathematician for more than a decade now. I’ve worked in an industrial R&D center, collaborated with NASA scientists and Engineers, and also did some “blue sky” research in areas I consider promising.

Here is my take on some of the most frequently asked questions about Pure and Applied Mathematics

Difference between Pure and Applied Mathematics

Applied mathematicians focus on solving problems arising in fields such as engineering, economics, physics, finance and biology. Pure mathematicians, on the other hand, focuses on solving the problems encountered by other mathematicians.

What are the branches of applied mathematics?

Arguably, there are three large areas of applied mathematics: statistics, differential equations, and optimization. Those areas have a complex set of important sub-branches and combinations, including fourier analysis, machine learning, optimal design, discrete mathematics, and many others.

Is pure math useful?

It is often said that the practical utility of pure mathematics should not be judged so much by its results, but for the methods and ideas that have to be developed in response to the profound questions put forth by pure mathematicians.

What is pure mathematics used for?

Pure mathematics is used mostly in the following ways:

Is a pure math degree useless?

While it is true that there is not much of a market for pure mathematics outside of academia, a pure math degree is far from being useless. Pure mathematicians are known as creative and persevering problem-solvers in hard quantitative or abstract areas, which is valued by companies in various fields.

Is applied math harder than pure math?

Applied math requires a slightly different set of abilities than pure math. While pure math is deductive and specialized, applied math requires a broader knowledge of science and technology, and the concrete examples.

What jobs can I get with applied mathematics?

Applied mathematicians can work in finance, software development, government agencies, industrial R&D centers, in education, and other areas.

What is the highest paying job involving math?

The highest paying jobs involving math are probably in finance and/or software development.

Is calculus applied math?

Calculus is a fundamental component of both pure and applied math. Indeed, calculus was originally developed to solve both problems in physics (like expressing Newton’s laws and solving problems in mechanics) and in pure mathematics (to compute areas and finding tangent lines of arbitrary geometries).

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